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医学英语词汇1

2016-7-10 08:23| 发布者: admin| 查看: 102| 评论: 0

摘要: 医学英语1词汇

abnormality [,æbnɔ:'mæliti] n. an abnormal condition畸形,变态

activation [,ækti'veiʃən] n. the activity of causing to have energy and be active激活;活化作用

adolescence [,ædəu'lesəns,-sənsi] n. 青春期

adolescent[,ædəu'lesənt] adj. 青春期的;未成熟的  n. 青少年

afflict [ə'flikt] vt. to cause pain or suffering to (someone or something)使痛苦;使苦

anatomical [,ænə'tɔmikəl] adj. of or relating to the structure of the body 解剖的;结构上的

anatomy [ə'nætəmi] n. the study of the structure of living things 解剖;解剖学;剖析;骨骼

ankle ['æŋkl] n. 踝关节,踝

antioxidant [,ænti'ɔksidənt] n. substance that is added to food and other products to prevent harmful chemical reactions in which oxygen is combined with other substances抗氧化剂

arthritis [ɑ:'θraitis] n. a disease that causes the joints of the body to become swollen and painful [外科] 关节炎

bone loss骨质疏松;骨质流失

bone matrix [组织] 骨基质

bowler ['bəulə] n.投球手;玩滚球的人

calcium ['kælsiəm] n. a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light

cartilage ['kɑ:tilidʒ] n. a strong but flexible material found in some parts of the body (such as the nose, the outer ear, and some joints) 软骨

causation [kɔ:'zeiʃən] n. the relationship between an event or situation and a possible reason or cause 因果关系

cavity ['kævəti] n. a hole or space inside something

cell biology 细胞生物学

cellular ['seljulə] adj. of, relating to, or made of the cells of living things 细胞的;多 孔的;由细胞组成的

cerebral ['seribrəl] adj. of or relating to the cerebrum or brain大脑的,脑的

cerebral ['seribrəl] adj. 大脑的,脑的cerebral hemisphere大脑半球

cerebral cortex [解剖] 大脑皮层

cerebrospinal [,seribrəu'spainəl] adj. of or relating to the brain and spinal cord 脑脊髓的

cholesterol [kə'lestərɔl] n. a substance that is found in the bodies of people and animals  胆固醇

concur [kən'kə:] vi. be in accord; be in agreement 认同;一致

confound [kən'faund] vt. to surprise and confuse (someone or something) 使混淆

congenital [kən'dʒenitəl] adj. existing since birth先天的,天生的

corpus callosum [ka:'ləusəm] n. a broad transverse nerve tract connecting the two cerebral hemispheres胼胝体,脑胼胝体

cortex ['kɔ:teks] n. the outer layer of an organ in the body and especially of the brain 皮质

dampen ['dæmpən] vt. to make (something) less strong or active抑制

defect['di:fekt, di'f-, di'fekt] n. an imperfection in a bodily system缺陷;不足之处

deform [di'fɔ:m] vt. to change something so that it no longer has its normal or original shape使变形;使成畸形

degeneration [di,dʒenə'reiʃən] n. the state of being degenerate in mental or moral qualities退化;堕落;恶化

density ['densəti] n. the amount of matter in something that is shown by the relationship between its weight and size 密度

depth perception: the ability to see how far away something is or how much space is between things [生理] 深度知觉

developmental [di,veləp'mentəl] adj. of or relating to the growth or development of someone or something发育的;生长的

diagnosis [,daiəɡ'nəusis] n. the act of identifying a disease, illness, or problem by examining someone or something诊断

disability [,disə'biləti] n. the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness 残疾;无能

disorder [dis'ɔ:də] n. a condition in which there is a disturbance of normal functioning紊乱;异常

displace [dis'pleis] vt. take the place of取代;置换

downside ['daunsaid] n. a drawback or disadvantage下降趋势;底侧

drastic ['dræstik] adj. severe or serious  激烈的;猛烈的

empathy ['empəθi] n. understanding and entering into another's feelings <>移情作用;同感;共鸣

endocrine ['endəukrain, -krin] adj. 内分泌的endocrine system内分泌系统

endurance [in'djuərəns] n. the ability to deal with pain or suffering that continues for a long time 忍耐力;忍耐

epidemiology ['epi,di:mi'ɔlədʒi] n. the study of how disease spreads and can be controlled 流行病学;传染病学

evacuate [i'vækjueit] vt. empty completely排空(胃肠)

fiber bundle:  a bundle of fibers (especially nerve fibers)光学纤维束;纤维丛

fracture ['fræktʃə] n. breaking of hard tissue such as bone骨折vi. 破裂;折断

frontal lobe 大脑额叶

gene expression :  [] 基因表达;[] 基因表现

gerontologist [dʒerən'tɔlədʒist] n. a specialist in gerontology研究老年病学的专家

gray matter: 灰质,灰白质

gyrus ['dʒaiərəs] n. a convex fold or elevation in the surface of the brain [解剖] 脑回,回转

hardwired ['ha:dwaiəd] adj. genetically or innately determined固有的;天生的

hemisphere ['hemi,sfiə] n. half of a sphere半球

hemispherectomy [,hemisfi'rektəmi] n. surgical removal of a cerebral hemisphere  大脑半球切除术

hippocampus [,hipə'kæmpəs] n.海马 [ 复数hippocampi ]

hormone ['hɔ:məun] n. a natural substance that is produced in the body and that influences the way the body grows or develops  [生理] 激素,荷尔蒙

hypertension [,haipə'tenʃən] n. a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater)高血压;过度紧张

incidence ['insidəns] n. the relative frequency of occurrence of something 发生率

incipient [in'sipiənt] adj. beginning to develop or exist初期的;初始的;发端的

infancy ['infənsi] n. the earliest state of immaturity初期;婴儿期;幼年

insecticide [in'sektisaid] n. a chemical used to kill insects杀虫剂

intact [in'tækt] adj. not broken or damaged: 完整的;未受损伤的

interventional [,intə'venʃənəl] adj.介入的;干涉的

joint [dʒɔint] n. 关节

leach [li:tʃ] vt. to remove (a chemical, a metal, etc.) from a substance by the action of a liquid passing through the substance过滤;萃取

magnetic resonance imaging磁共振成象MRI

malleability[,mæliə'biliti] n. the property of something that can be worked or hammered or  shaped without breaking可锻性;展延性

mammal ['mæməl] n. a type of animal that feeds milk to its young and that usually has hair or fur covering most of its skin [脊椎] 哺乳动物

matrix ['meitriks] n. the body substance in which tissue cells are embedded 基质

maturation [,mætju'reiʃən] n. coming to full development; becoming mature成熟

Medicare ['medi'kεə] n. health care for the aged(美、加)医疗保险

medication [,medi'keiʃən] n. a substance used in treating disease or relieving pain药物

metabolic [,metə'bɔlik,-kəl] adj. of or relating to metabolism新陈代谢的

mortality [mɔ:'tæləti] n. the ratio of deaths in an area to the population of that area; expressed per 1000 per year 死亡数;死亡率

nerve cell神经细胞,神经元

neuroendocrinology ['njuərəu,endəukri'nɔlədʒi] n.神经内分泌学

neurogenesis [,njuərəu'dʒenisis] n. the development of nerve tissues [] 神经发生;

neurologist [,njuə'rɔlədʒist] n. a medical specialist in the nervous system and the disorders affecting it神经病学家

neuropsychology [,njuərəusai'kɔlədʒi] n.神经心理学

neuroscientist [,njuərəu'saiəntist] n. a neurobiologist who specializes in the study of the brain神经系统科学家

neurosurgeon [,njuərəu'sə:dʒən] n. someone who does surgery on the nervous system (especially the brain)神经外科医生

neurotoxin [,njuərəu'tɔksin] n. any toxin that affects neural tissues神经毒素

nondisabling [,nɔndis'eibliŋ] adj.非致残的

nurture ['nə:tʃə] n. the care and attention given to someone or something that is growing or  developing 养育;教养

omega-3 fatty acids 欧米珈-3脂肪酸

osteopenia n. reduction in bone volume to below normal levels 骨量减少;骨质缺乏

osteophyte ['ɔstiəfait] n. small abnormal bony outgrowth [] 骨赘

osteoporosis [,ɔstiəupə'rəusis] n. a condition in which the bones become weak and break easily骨质疏松症

outperform [,autpə'fɔ:m] vt. be or do something to a greater degree胜过

pesticide ['pestisaid] n. a chemical used to kill pests (as rodents or insects)杀虫剂

Petri dish (皮氏)培养皿;(做细菌培养时用的)有盖玻璃(或塑料)

Physician [fi'ziʃən] n. a skilled health-care professional trained and licensed to practice medicine [] 医师;内科医师

physiologist [,fizi'ɔlədʒist] n. a biologist specializing in physiology生理学家

plasticity [plæs'tisiti] n. the capacity of organisms with the same genotype to vary in developmental pattern, in phenotype, or in behavior可塑性;适应性

plateau ['plætəu, plæ't-] n. a period when something does not increase or advance any further稳定水平

prefrontal [pri:'frʌntəl] n. anterior to a frontal structure [解剖] 额前骨

prefrontal cortex 前额皮质

prenatal [,pri:'neitəl] adj. occurring or existing before birth 产前的;胎儿期的

probe [prəub] vi. question or examine thoroughly and closely调查;探测

procedure [prə'si:dʒə] n. a medical treatment or operation  程序;步骤


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