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2016-7-10 08:30| 发布者: admin| 查看: 139| 评论: 0

摘要: 医学英语2词汇 albumin n. a simple water-soluble protein found in many animal tissues and liquids白蛋白,清蛋白 anastomosis n. a natural or surgical joining of parts or branches of tubular structures ...


albumin ['ælbjʊmɪn] n. a simple water-soluble protein found in many animal tissues and liquids白蛋白,清蛋白[亦作albumen]

anastomosis [,ænəstə'məʊsɪs] n. a natural or surgical joining of parts or branches of tubular structures so as to make or become continuous(血管、叶脉、江河水道之间的)并接,联结,交织,交叉,合流

anterior horn 前角

aorta [eɪ'ɔːtə] n. the large trunk artery that carries blood from the left ventricle of the heart to branch arteries 主动脉

apoptosis [,æpə'təʊsɪs] n. a type of cell death in which the cell uses specialized cellular machinery to kill itself(细胞)凋落(凋亡)

apoptotic body 凋落(凋亡)小体

appendicitis [ə,pendɪ'saɪtɪs] n. inflammation of the vermiform appendix阑尾炎

appendix [ə'pendɪks] n. a vestigial process that extends from the lower end of the cecum and that resembles a small pouch阑尾

arterial [ɑ:'tɪərɪəl] adj. of or involving or contained in the arteries动脉的;动脉血的

artery ['ɑ:tərɪ] n. a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body动脉

asphyxia [æs'fɪksɪə] n. a condition in which insufficient or no oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged on a ventilatory basis窒息 [亦作asphyxy]

atheromatous [,æɵə'rɒmətəs] adj. of or relating to or resembling atheroma动脉粥样硬化的

atheromatous [,æθə'rɔmətəs]

atheromatous degeneration of the arteries

atrial dilatation 心房扩张

atrial fibrillation 心房颤动

atrium ['ɑ:trɪəm] n. any chamber that is connected to other chambers or passageways (especially one of the two upper chambers of the heart) 房;心房;心耳,内耳窝 [复数形式是atria]

atrophy ['ætrəfɪ] n. decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse(全身或某器官等的)萎缩 [亦作atrophia];(器官等的)衰退,退化

bacterial infection 细菌感染

blister ['blɪstə] n. (pathology) an elevation of the skin filled with serous fluid(皮肤上的)疱,水疱,脓疱;水肿

blood flow 血流

blood supply 供血

bodies of animals and plants) 血管的;脉管的

bradykinin [,brædɪ'kaɪnɪn] n. 缓激肽

capillary [kə'pɪlərɪ] adj. any of the minute blood vessels connecting arterioles with venules毛状的,毛细管的 n. 毛细血管

cell damage 细胞损伤

cell division 细胞分裂

cell injury 细胞损伤

cell surface antigens 细胞表面抗原

cell suspension 细胞悬液

chromatin ['krəʊmətɪn] n. the readily stainable substance of a cell nucleus consisting of DNA and RNA and various proteins; during mitotic division it condenses into chromosomes 染色质,核染质

coagulation [kəʊ,ægjʊ 'leɪʃən] n. the process of forming semisolid lumps in a liquid (血液中的)凝固,凝结;凝结物

compaction [kəm'pækʃən] n. an increase in the density of cells(细胞)致密

cusp [kʌsp] n. a thin triangular flap of a heart valve(心瓣膜的)尖瓣

cytotoxic [,saɪtə'tɒksɪk] adj. of or relating to substances that are toxic to cells(细胞)毒素的

denaturation [di:,neɪʧə'reɪʃən] n. 变性(作用)

denervation [,di:nɜ:'veɪʃən] n. 去神经;去神经支配(法)

deposition [,depə'zɪʃən] n. leaving a layer of a substance on rocks or soil; a substance left in this way 沉积物,堆积物;沉淀物

deposition of fibrin 纤维蛋白沉积

diphtheria toxin 白喉毒素

electron microscopy 电子显微镜

embolism ['embəlɪzəm] n. occlusion of a blood vessel by an embolus (a loose clot or air bubble or other particle) 栓塞

embryonic development 胚胎发育

endocardium [,endəʊ'kɑ:dɪəm] n. the membrane that lines the cavities of the heart and forms part of the heart valves心内膜

endothelial [,endəʊ'ɵi:lɪəl]adj. of or relating to or located in the endothelium内皮的

endothelial cell 内皮细胞

endothelium [,endəʊ'ɵi:lɪəm] n. an epithelium of mesoblastic origin; a thin layer of flattened cells that lines the inside of some body cavities内皮;内覆组织

eosinophilic [,i:əsɪnə'fɪlɪk] adj. of or relating to eosinophil 嗜酸性(粒)细胞的;嗜酸性的

gas gangrene 气性坏疽

globulin ['glɒbjʊlɪn] n. a family of proteins found in blood and milk and muscle and in plant seed球蛋白

haemodynamic [,hi:məʊdaɪ'næmɪk] adj. 血液动力的;血液动力学的

heart failure 心脏衰竭

heart valves 心脏瓣膜

hepatitis [,hepə'taɪtɪs] n. inflammation of the liver caused by a virus or a toxin肝炎;传染性肝炎

hepatocyte ['hepətəsaɪt] n. an epithelial parenchymatous cell of the liver肝(实质)细胞,肝上皮实质细胞

histamine ['hɪstəmi:n] n. amine formed from histidine that stimulates gastric secretions and dilates blood vessels; released by the human immune system during allergic reactions组胺

hyperaemia [,haipə'ri:miə]

hyperaemia [,haɪpə'ri:mɪə] n. increased blood in an organ or other body part充血

hypersensitivity reaction过敏反应

immunofluorescence ['imjunəu,fluə'resəns]

immunological injury 免疫损伤

impairment [ɪm'peəmənt] n. a symptom of reduced quality or strength(细胞)损伤,损害

increased blood in an organ or other body part

infective endocarditis 感染性心内膜炎

inflammation of the pleura of the lungs (especially the parietal layer)

inflammatory reaction 炎症反应

interstitial [,ɪntə(ː)'stɪʃəl] adj. of or relating to interstices(细胞)组织间隙的;间质的

interstitial fluid 间隙液体;间质液

interstitial tissue 间质组织

intima ['ɪntɪmə] n. the innermost membrane of an organ (especially the inner lining of an artery or vein or lymphatic vessel) 内膜

intracellular [,intrə'seljulə]

intracellular [,ɪntrə'seljʊlə] adj. located or occurring within a cell or cells细胞内的;发生于个体细胞内的

intracellular fluid

ischemic [ɪs'ki:mɪk] adj. relating to or affected by ischemia 缺血性的;缺血的

kinin ['kaɪnɪn] n. any of a class of plant hormones that promote cell division and delay the senescence of leaves激肽

larynx ['lærɪŋks] n. a cartilaginous structure at the top of the trachea; contains elastic vocal cords that are the source of the vocal tone in speech喉(包括声带)

lecithinase ['lesɪɵɪneɪs] n. 卵磷脂酶

lesion ['liːʒən] n. any visible abnormal structural change in a bodily part 损伤;(由于受损伤而引起的)器官损害,器官功能减弱;机能障碍

limb [lɪm] n. one of the jointed appendages of an animal used for locomotion or grasping 肢;臂

lipid ['lɪpɪd, 'laɪpɪd] n. an oily organic compound insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents; essential structural component of living cells (along with proteins and carbohydrates) 脂类;脂质;类脂

located or occurring within a cell or cells

lower limb 下肢

lumen ['lju:mɪn] n. a cavity or passage in a tubular organ(管)腔

lungs causing severe pain in the chest or side胸膜炎,肋膜炎

lymphatic [,lɪm'fætɪk] adj. of or relating to or produced by lymph淋巴的;淋巴管

mechanical trauma 机械性创伤

mediator ['mi:dieitə]

mediator ['miːdɪeɪtə] n. a mediating agent in a physical, chemical, or biological process介质

menstrual ['menstrʊəl] adj. of or relating to menstruation or the menses月经的

microbial infection 微生物感染

microvasculature [,maɪkrəʊ'væskjʊləʧə] n. 微脉管系统

migration from a place (especially migration from your native country in order to settle in another)

mitral stenosis 僧帽瓣狭窄,二尖瓣狭窄

mitral valve僧帽瓣,二尖瓣

mixed thrombi 混合型血栓

monocyte ['mɒnəʊsaɪt] n. a type of granular leukocyte that functions in the ingestion of bacteria单核细胞;单核白血球

mural thrombosis 附壁血栓

necrosis [nə'krəʊsɪs] n. the localized death of living cells (as from infection or the interruption of blood supply)(细胞组织)坏死

neutrophil ['nju:trəfɪl] adj. the chief phagocytic leukocyte; stains with either basic or acid dyes嗜中性的n. 嗜中性白血球,中性白细胞 [亦作 neutrophile]

nuclear ['njuːklɪə] adj. of or relating to or constituting the nucleus of a cell细胞核的nitrogen mustard

occlude [ə'kluːd] vt. to cover or block sth. 使闭塞,堵塞(血管)

oedema [ɪ'di:mə]n. swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue水肿[亦作edema]

of or relating to or resembling atheroma

organelle [,ɔ:gə'nel] n. a specialized part of a cell 细胞器(官)

organic compound 有机化合物

osmotic [ɒz'mɒtɪk] adj. of or relating to osmosis渗透(作用)的

pale thrombus 白色血栓

parasite ['pærəsaɪt] n. an animal or plant that lives in or on a host (another animal or plant) 寄生物;寄生虫

pathologist [pə'ɵɒləʤɪst] n. a doctor who specializes in medical diagnosis病理学家

pathologist [pə'θɔlədʒist]

pelvic ['pelvɪk] adj. of or relating to the pelvis骨盆的;骨盘的

peroxidation [pə,rɒsɪ'deɪʃən] n. 过氧化反应

phagocytic [,fægə'sɪtɪk] adj. capable of functioning as a phagocyte噬菌作用的;食菌细胞的

phagocytic cell 吞噬细胞v.

phagocytose ['fægəʊsaɪtəʊs] vt. to consume by phagocytosis(吞噬细胞)吞噬(异物或细菌)

phagocytosis [,fægəsaɪ'təʊsɪs] n. process in which phagocytes engulf and digest microorganisms and cellular debris; an important defense against infection嗜菌作用;吞噬作用

pharmacological [,fɑ:məkə'lɒʤɪkəl] adj. of or relating to pharmacology药理学的

pharmacologically [,fɑ:məkə'lɒʤɪkəlɪ] adv. with regard to pharmacology药物地;药理地

phlebothrombosis [,flebəʊɵrɒm'bəʊsɪs] n. thrombosis of a vein without prior inflammation of the vein; associated with sluggish blood flow (as in prolonged bedrest or pregnancy or surgery) or with rapid coagulation of the blood静脉血栓

physiological reaction 生理反应

plasma ['plæzmə] n. colorless watery fluid of blood and lymph containing no cells and in which erythrocytes and leukocytes and platelets are suspended 血浆(尤指血液流动部分);肌浆

platelet ['pleɪtlɪt] n. tiny bits of protoplasm found in vertebrate blood; essential for blood clotting血小板

platelet aggregation 血小板聚集

pleura ['plʊrə] n. the thin serous membrane around the lungs and inner walls of the chest 胸膜,肋膜

pleurisy ['pluərisi]

pleurisy ['plʊərɪsɪ] n. a serious illness that affects the inner covering of the chest and

poliomyelitis [,pəʊlɪəʊmaɪə'laɪtɪs] n. an acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord小儿麻痹症;骨髓灰质炎

polymorph ['pɒlɪ,mɔ:f] n. an organism that can assume more than one adult form as in the castes of ants or termites多形态生物;分叶核白细胞

predisposing factors 诱发因素

pulmonary ['pʌlmənəri, 'pul-]

pulmonary disease

pulsation [pʌl'seɪʃən] n. the rhythmic contraction and expansion of the arteries with each beat of the heart脉动,搏动

red thrombus 红色血栓

relating to or affecting the lungs

resolution [,rezə'ljuːʃən] n. the subsidence of swelling or other signs of inflammation (especially in a lung)(炎症、热度等的)消退

rheumatic fever 风湿热

ribosomal [,raɪbə'səʊməl] adj. 核糖体的,核(糖核)蛋白体的

right atrium 右心房

rupture ['rʌptʃə(r)] n. state of being torn or burst open(细胞)破裂;(血管、膀胱等的)破裂

sequela [sɪ'kwiːlə] n. any abnormality following or resulting from a disease or injury or treatment后遗症,续发症(复数形式是sequelae ['sɪ'kwi:lɪ]

serous ['sɪərəs] adj. of or producing or containing serum浆液状的,(含)浆液的

shrinkage ['ʃrɪnkɪdʒ] n. process or result of becoming less or smaller(细胞)皱缩







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