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2016-7-10 08:44| 发布者: admin| 查看: 138| 评论: 0

摘要: 医学英语3词汇 affinity n. a relation between biological groups involving resemblance in structural plan and indicating a common origin密切关系;吸引力;姻亲关系;类同 algae n. very simple plants wi ...


affinity [ə'fɪnɪtɪ] n. a relation between biological groups involving resemblance in structural plan and indicating a common origin密切关系;吸引力;姻亲关系;类同

algae ['ældʒiː] n. very simple plants with no real leaves, stems or roots that grow in or near water, including seaweed [] 藻类;海藻

allergy ['ælədʒɪ] n. altered bodily reactivity (as hypersensitivity) to an antigen in response to a first exposure过敏症;反感;厌恶

animalcule [,ænɪ'mælkju:l] n. a microscopic animal such as an amoeba or rotifer微生物(如变形虫和轮虫等)

aquaculture ['ækwə,kʌlʧə] n. the cultivation of aquatic organisms (as fish or shellfish) especially for food [水产] 水产养殖;水产业

ATP  (adenosine triphosphate) [ə'denəsɪn ,traɪfɒs'fɒrɪk] 三磷酸腺苷,腺苷三磷酸

avian ['eɪvɪən] adj. pertaining to or characteristic of birds鸟的;鸟类的

binary fission 原生动物、细胞等的)[生物] 二分裂;二分体

biotech [,baɪəʊ'tek] n. (abbr. biotechnology) the use of living parts such as cells or bacteria in industry and technology生物技术;生物科技

biotechnology [,baɪəʊtek'nɒlədʒɪ] n. the use of living cells and bacterica in industrial and scientific process [生物] 生物技术

bone marrow  the fatty network of connective tissue that fills the cavities of bones 【组织学】骨髓

botulism ['bɒtjʊ,lɪzəm] n. a serious form of food poisoning caused by bacteria in badly preserved food [毒物][内科] 肉毒中毒(食物中毒一种)

breed [bri:d] vi. to keep animals or plants in order to produce young ones in a controlled way繁殖;饲养;产生

bug [bʌg] n.  a minute life form (especially a disease-causing bacterium); the term is not in technical use [口语] 【微生物学】细菌,病菌;病毒感染;由病菌引起的疾病;

Carbapenem 碳青霉烯

catalyze ['kætəlaɪz] vt. to make a chemical reaction happen fast  催化;刺激,促进

chimera [kaɪ'mɪərə] n. (in ancient Greek Stories) a creature with a lions head, a goats body and a snakes tail, that can breathe out fire [] 嵌合体;虚构的怪物;妄想

cilia ['sɪlɪə] n. a minute short hairlike process often forming part of a fringe; especially : one on a cell that is capable of lashing movement and serves especially in free unicellular organisms to produce locomotion or in higher forms a current of fluid纤毛 [复数],[单数]cilium

concentration [,kɒnsen'treɪʃən] n. (chemistry) the strength of a solution; number of molecules of a substance in a given volume (expressed as moles/cubic meter) 浓度;集中;浓缩;专心;集合

cosmetic surgery  plastic surgery to remove wrinkles and other signs of aging from your face; an incision is made near the hair line and skin is pulled back and excess tissue is excised 【医学】整容外科,整容手术

cyanobacteria [,saɪənəʊbæk'tɪərɪə] n. any of a major group (Cyanobacteria) of photosynthetic bacteria that produce molecular oxygen and use water as an electron-donating substrate in photosynthesiscalled also blue-green alga蓝藻细菌

cytoplasm ['saɪtəʊplæzəm] n. all the living material in a cell, not including the nucleus  [细胞] 细胞质

daughter cell  a cell formed by the division or budding of another cell 【生物学】子细胞

dialysis [daɪ'ælɪsɪs] n. separation of substances in solution by means of their unequal diffusion through semipermeable membranes [分化][] 透析;[分化] 渗析

digestive [dɪ'dʒestɪv] adj. relating to or having the power to cause or promote digestion消化的;助消化的

DNA  (deoxyribonucleic [di:'ɒksɪ,raɪbəʊnju:'kli:ɪk] acid)  [生化] 脱氧核糖核酸

ecosystem [iːkə'sɪstəm] n. all the plants and living creatures in a particular area considered in reaction to their physical environment生态系统

embryonic [,embrɪ'ɒnɪk] adj. of an embryo  [] 胚胎的;似胚胎的

Enterobacteriaceae ['entərəʊ'bæktərɪ'eɪsɪ] n. a large family of Gram-negative rod-shaped bacteria of the order Eubacteriales 【细菌】肠细菌科

extremophile [ɪk'stri:məfaɪl] n. (能在极端恶劣环境下生存良好的)极端微生物[亦作 extremeophile]

ferment ['fɜːmənt] n. a substance capable of bringing about fermentation 发酵;酵素vi. If a food, drink, or other natural substance ferments, or if it is        fermented, a chemical change takes place in it so that alcohol is produced. This process forms part of the production of alcoholic drinks such as wine and beer. 发酵

flagella [flə'ʤelə] n. any of various elongated filiform appendages of plants or animals:鞭毛;鞭节(flagellum的复数)

flora ['flɔːrə] n. all the plant life in a particular region or period植物区系;植物群

food-borne disease [生物] 食源性疾病

fucose ['fju:kəʊs] n. an aldose sugar that occurs in bound form in the dextrorotatory D-form in various glycosides and in the levorotatory L-form in some brown algae and in mammalian polysaccharides typical of some blood groups海藻糖;岩藻糖

fungi ['fʌndʒaɪ, 'fʌŋgaɪ] n. 真菌;菌类;(fungus的复数)

Gram-negative [græm] adj. (of bacteria) being of or relating to a bacterium that does not retain the violet stain used in Gram's method [亦作 g-]【微生物学】革兰氏(染色)阴性的

gut bacteria 肠道细菌

habitat ['hæbɪtæt] n. the place or environment where a plant or animal naturally or normally lives and grows (动植物的)生息场所,生境

host cell  a living cell invaded by or capable of being invaded by an infectious agent (as a bacterium or a virus) 【生物学】寄主细胞,宿主细胞

inhabitant [ɪn'hæbɪtənt] n.(在某地区、某部位)栖居的动物

intestinal [ɪn'testɪnl] adj. of or relating to or inside the intestines 肠的  

intestinal bacteria [基医] 肠道细菌

intestinal wall 肠壁

Klebsiella pneumoniae 【细菌】肺炎克雷伯氏菌

mammalian [mæ'meɪljən] adj. any warm-blooded vertebrate having the skin more or less covered with hair; young are born alive except for the small subclass of monotremes and nourished with milk哺乳类动物的,有哺乳类动物特征的;哺乳纲的

mate with(使)(尤指动物)与…交配,(使)与…交尾

microbiology [,maɪkrəʊbaɪ'ɒləʤɪ] n. a branch of biology dealing with microscopic forms of life微生物学

microbiome 微生物组

microorganism [maɪkrəʊ'ɔːgənɪz(ə)m] n. a very small living that you can only see under a microscope [] 微生物;微小动植物

molecule ['mɒlɪkjuːl, 'məʊ-] n. the smallest unit, consisting of a group of atoms, into which a substance can be devided without a change in its chemical nature [化学] 分子;微小颗粒,微粒

monoclonal [,mɒnə'kləʊnəl] adj. produced by, being, or composed of cells derived from a single cell【生物学】单克隆的,单无性系的

oviduct ['əʊvɪdʌkt] n. a tube that allows for the passage of eggs from an ovary【解剖学】输卵管[参较 falloplan tube]

pathogen ['pæɵədʒ(ə)n] n. a specific causative agent (as a bacterium or virus) of disease病原体;病菌

photosynthesis [,fəʊtəʊ'sɪnɵəsɪs] n. synthesis of compounds with the aid of radiant energy (especially in plants)光合作用

pipeline ['paɪp,laɪn] n.  a pipe used to transport liquids or gases 管道;输油管;传递途径

plasmid ['plæzmɪd] n.  a small cellular inclusion consisting of a ring of DNA that is not in a chromosome but is capable of autonomous replication【微生物学】质粒;质体(胞质遗传体)

polyclonal [,pɒlɪ'kləʊnəl] adj. produced by or being cells derived from two or more cells of different ancestry or genetic constitution多克隆的;多元性繁殖系的;多细胞系的

prokaryote [prəʊ'kæri:əʊt] n. a unicellular organism having cells lacking membrane-bound nuclei; bacteria are the prime example but also included are blue-green algae and actinomycetes and mycoplasma [细胞] 原核生物

protista ['prəʊtɪstə] n. eukaryotic one-celled living organisms distinct from multicellular plants and animals: protozoa, slime molds, and eukaryotic algae 原生生物

protozoa [,prəʊtəʊ'zəʊə] n. a very small living things, usually with only one cell, that can only seen under a microscope (无脊椎)原生动物

pseudopodia [,psju:də'pəʊdɪə] n. a temporary protrusion or retractile process of the cytoplasm of a cell that functions (as in an amoeba) especially in a locomotor or food gathering capacity 伪足(pseudopodium的复数形式)

recombinant [rɪ'kɒmbɪnənt]【遗传学】n. an individual exhibiting recombination产生重组的机体,重组体(用重组脱氧核糖核酸制成的基因或遗传物质)

seafood ['si:fʊd] n. edible marine fish and shellfish 海鲜;海味;海产食品

stem cell  an unspecialized cell that gives rise to differentiated cells [细胞] 干细胞,骨髓干细胞

sustainable [sə'steɪnəbl] adj. that can continue or be continued for a long time可以忍受的;足可支撑的

symbiont ['sɪmbaɪɒt] n.  [生态] 共生者;共生有机体(=symbiote

tetanus ['tetənəs] n. an acute and serious infection of the central nervous system caused by bacterial infection of open wounds; spasms of the jaw and laryngeal muscles may occur during the late stages [内科] 破伤风

transgene ['trænʤi:n] n. a gene that is taken from the genome of one organism and introduced into the genome of another organism by artificial techniques [] 转基因;输异基因

transgenic [trænz'dʒenik] adj. 转基因的;基因改造的

transgenic animal 基因动物,转化的动物

transgenic plant 转基因植物

urinary ['jʊərɪnərɪ] adj. of or relating to the function or production or secretion of urine尿的;含尿的;泌尿的;泌尿器官的

yeast [ji:st] n. a fungus used in making beer and wine, or to make bread rise 酵母







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