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基础英语2词汇

2016-7-9 10:22| 发布者: admin| 查看: 97| 评论: 0

摘要: 基础英语2词汇

基础英语2词汇

1. lash vt. hit violently or suddenly

  lash out (at / against sb. / sth.) make a sudden violent attack with blows or words

2. scoff vi. laugh (at)

3. sway vi. move or swing from side to side

4. illusion n. sth. that deceives a person by seeming to be real

5. devastating a. completely destructive

6. glance at look at sb. or sth. quickly, esp. by raising your eyes and then lowering them again

Comparison: gaze at, stare at, glare at, gape at

gaze at look at sth. or sb. for a long time, for example, because they are beautiful or interesting, esp. without realizing that you are doing it

stare at deliberately look at sb. or sth. for a long time without moving your eyes, for example, because you are angry, shocked, or very interested

glare at look angrily at sb. for a long time without moving your eyes

gape at look at sb. or sth. for a long time, esp. with your mouth open, because you are very

7. purgatory n. a place or condition of great suffering

8. dilemma n. a situation in which it is very difficult to decide what to do, because all of the possible courses of action seem equally good or equally bad

  in a dilemma

9. confusion n. a very disorganized situation usually with lots of noise, in which a lot of things are happening at the same time, so that it is difficult to understand or control

Comparison: disorder, chaos

disorder n. a situation in which things or people are not in the correct position, place, or order, so that they are unable to control or organize

chaos n. a situation that is full of disorder and is completely out of control

10. transfer

n. a change from one place to another

vt. move sth. / sb. from one place to another

11. reassuring a. making sb. feel less worried or frightened

12. panic 

vt. be suddenly frightened by sth.

n. a sudden strong feeling of fear or nervousness

Collocation:

  panic sb. into doing sth. make sb. do sth. unwise or hasty because of panic

13. descent n. the act or process of going down

14. stoop vi. bend down

Collocation:

  stoop (down) to pick sth. up

  stoop so low (as to do sth.): lower one’s moral standards so far (as to do sth.)

15. sap vt. weaken slowly

Collocation:

sap up on sb. beat up sb.

16. persuade vt. convince sb.

Collocation:

  persuade sb. of sth. convince sb.

17. meet up with come across

18. aging n. the process of becoming old

Comparison:

  elderly a. a polite word meaning old

senior citizen a polite expression meaning old people

19. dread vt. feel great fear or anxiety about

20. distinct a. noticeable, unmistakable

Collocation:

  distinct from sth. different in kind; separate

21. be obsessed with have an unreasonably strong and continuous interest in particular things or persons

22. perfect vt. make sth. perfect

Comparison:

  improve vt. cause sth. to become better

refine vt. improve sth. by removing defects and attending to details

6. turn into change completely and become sth. else

Comparison:

  turn against sb. 与某人反目成仇

  turn sth inside out 把里面翻作外面

  turn (sb. / sth.) over (使某人/某物)翻身或翻转

23. diet

vi. eat less in order to lose weight

n. the type of food that a person regularly eats

Collocation:

a diet of sth. so much of sth. that you feel boring or unpleasant

24. be satisfied with feel pleased because you have what you want or because things have happened in the way that you hoped

Comparison:

satisfactory a. a word for describing a result, situation, etc., that makes one feel satisfied because it is what one was hoping for

satisfying a. a word for describing a job, activity, or experience that makes one satisfied because one enjoys doing it and results are often very good

25. plead vi. make an urgent, emotional statement or request for sth.  

Comparison:

  beg vi. ask sb. very strongly in a way that makes one feel ashamed or makes other people lose respect for him

Collocation:

  plead with sb. for sth. make repeated urgent requests to sb. for sth.

26. tolerate vt. be willing to accept sth. unpleasant or difficult, even though one does not like it or

approve it

Comparison:

stand vt. accept or be forced to accept an unpleasant situation

  endure vt. accept or be forced to accept an unpleasant situation for a long time

  bear vt. accept or be forced to accept an unpleasant situation that makes one angry, sad, or upset

put up with accept or be forced to accept an annoying situation or unpleasant behavior as

part of one’s daily life


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