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基础英语3词汇

2016-7-9 10:34| 发布者: admin| 查看: 99| 评论: 0

摘要: 基础英语3词汇

基础英语3词汇

1. distinct  a. clearly seen, heard, felt, understood, etc.; noticeable

  Comparison: distinct & distinctive

distinct: Something that is distinct can clearly be seen, heard, smelled, etc.

distinctive: It means having a special quality, character, or appearance that is different and easy to recognize.

2. clutch vt. hold or grasp tightly; vi. try to grasp or seize

Synonyms: seize, grasp

3. glimpse n. a quick look at sb. or sth.

       a short experience of sth. that helps you begin to understand it

4. reserve n. a quality in sb.’s character that make them not like expressing their emotions or talking about their problems

5. whereabouts n. approximate location; ad. used to ask in what general area sth. or sb. is

6. demeanor n. the way sb. behaves, dresses, speaks, etc. that shows what their character is like
7. scribble (down) v. write sth. quickly and untidily

8. grope v. ①try to find sth. that you cannot see by feeling with your hands

Collocations:   grope for        grope around
②go somewhere by feeling the way with your hands because you cannot see
Collocations:  grope your way along / across, etc. 
9. tip offgive an advanced warning or hint to

10. goody (pl. goodies) n.   
sth. that is nice to eat
sth. attractive, pleasant, or desirable
Variant spelling: (British English) goodie

11. flail v. (cause sth. to) wave or swing about wildly

12. rear end  (informal) the part of your body which you sit on

13. sneak v. go somewhere secretly and quietly in order to avoid being seen or heard

Collocation: sneak in / out / away / off

Synonym: creep

14. tiptoe v. walk quietly and carefully on your toes, so that nobody hears you

Collocation:

tiptoe around (sth.): try to avoid dealing with a difficult or embarrassing subject or problem

15. go out to sb. used to say that someone feels a lot of sympathy towards another person

16. grin v. show that you are very happy or pleased by smiling widely 

Collocation: grin from ear to ear: grin very widely

17. slink v. go or move in a quiet, stealthy way; move as if one feels guilty or ashamed, or does not want to be seen

18. malicious a. very unkind and cruel, and deliberately behaving in a way that is likely to upset or hurt sb.

   Derivation malice (n.): a desire to harm sb. because you hate them

19. run with the crowd

Comparison and translation

An independent man, Peter never goes with the tide.

彼得是个有主见的人从不随大流。

You can do what you want to do, but never follow the crowd.

你想做什么就做什么可别随大流。

Hait hasn’t got a mind of his own on any matter of importance; he just swims with the tide.

海特在任何重要问题上都没有自己的主见他只是随大流。

She is always falling into line with the majority.

她总是随大流。

20. shackle n. a metal fastening, usually one of a pair, for encircling and confining the ankle or wrist of a prisoner or captive; (fig.) a restraint or check to action or progress, often used in the plural form.

21. to death

used after an adjective or a verb to emphasize the action, state, or feeling mentioned

22. obituary (infml obit) n. printed notice (e.g. in a newspaper) of a person’s death, often with a short account of his life and achievements

23. coronary thrombosis obstruction of a coronary artery by a thrombus, often leading to destruction of heart muscle (心脏的)冠状动脉血栓症

24. overweight adj. (of people) too heavy and fat

Collocations:

a bit / a little / slightly overweight

seriously/heavily overweight (=very overweight) 

grossly overweight (=extremely overweight) 

be 5 kilos/20 pounds, etc. overweight

Comparison:

fat: having too much flesh on your body. It is rude to tell someone directly that they are fat.

overweight: weighing more than you should. Many diseases are caused by being overweight.

large: used when saying that someone is tall and often fat. “Large” is more common than “big” in written English.

obese: extremely fat in a way that is unhealthy

chubby: slightly fat in a nice-looking way (used especially about babies and children)

plump: a woman or child who is plump is slightly fat, especially in a pleasant way

flabby: having soft loose flesh rather than strong muscles

portly: (literary) fat and round  used especially about an old man

25. survive v. live longer than sb. else, usually sb. closely related to you

26. lineup n. a line of people that is formed for inspection or identification

27. sedate  a. calm, serious and formal

    v. make calm or sleepy, esp. with a drug

Derivation: sedately (ad.), sedation (n.), sedative (a., n.)

28. eccentric  a.


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