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基础英语4词汇

2016-7-9 10:35| 发布者: admin| 查看: 104| 评论: 0

摘要: 基础英语4词汇

基础英语4词汇

1. at your Head Master’s kind invitation

at: in response to

Collocation: at one’s invitation/request/suggestion, etc.

2. catastrophic: a. involving or causing sudden great damage or suffering

Synonym: disastrous

Collocation: catastrophic floods/losses/effects/results

Derivation: catastrophe  n. 

3. ups and downs: a mixture of good things and bad things

4. position: situation at a particular time

Synonym: situation

5. meet with: experience; undergo

6. make out: see or understand

7. far-reaching: a. having important and widely applicable effects or implications

Collocation: far-reaching consequences/implications/changes/reforms

8. conviction: n.  a strong opinion or belief

Collocation: political/moral convictions

[U] the feeling or appearance of believing sth. strongly or of being sure about it

9. yield: v.  yield (to sth./sb.): (formal or literary) give up control (of)

Synonym: surrender

10. overwhelming: a. very great in amount

   Derivation:

overwhelm: v. defeat or make powerless (usu. a group of people) by much greater force of numbers; e.g. to overwhelm the opposing army

11. persevere: v. continue in a course of action even in the face of difficulty or with little or no indication of success

Collocation: persevere (in sth. / in doing sth.); persevere (with sth./sb.)

12. compliment: v. politely congratulate or praise (sb.) for sth.

Collocation: compliment sb. (on sth.)

Comparison: compliment & complement

These words have similar spellings but completely different meanings.

If you compliment someone, you say something very nice to them.  

If one thing complements another, the two things work or look better because they are together.

13. venture to do sth.: be brave enough to say sth.

Collocation: venture sth.; venture to do sth.; venture + speech; venture that …

14. snake: v. move in a twisting way

Synonym: meander

15. inch: v. move very slow and carefully

16. in mild annoyance: with a little anger or impatience 

mild: a. not very great in degree

Synonym: slight

17. sidle: v. walk in a timid manner, esp. sideways or obliquely

18. scribble:  v. write or draw (sth.) carelessly or hurriedly 

Synonym: scrawl

            n. [U, sing.] careless and untidy writing

19. shuffle: v. walk by dragging one’s feet along or without lifting them fully from the ground 

Collocations: 

shuffle sth. off: avoid talking or thinking about sth. because it is not considered important

shuffle out of sth.: try to avoid some unpleasant task by acting dishonestly

20. ring: n. a quality, or an impression of having the quality that is mentioned

21. gratifying: a. giving pleasure or satisfaction

   Derivations: gratify v.; gratification n.

22. penetrate: v. succeed in forcing a way through (sth.) 

23. wedge: v. force into a narrow space; fix sth. in position by using a wedge or sth. else

24. zigzag: v. move forward by going at an angle first to one side, then to the other

          n. a line or pattern that looks like a series of letter W’s as it bends to the left and then to the right again

          a. [only before noun]

25. carve out: establish or create sth. through painstaking effort

26. press: v. push, move, or make (one’s way) strongly, esp. in a crowd

27. infuse: v. fill or cause to be filled with sth.

Collocation: infuse … into/with: fill ... with ...

28. keep to oneself: remain private; avoid meeting other people

29. wager: v. (a more formal term for) bet

wager (sth.) (on sth.); wager sth./sb. that…: bet money on sth.

   wager (that): used to say that you are so confident that sth. is true or will happen that you would be willing to bet money on it

30. plow: v. force a way or to make a track  

   Spelling: plow (American English) = plough (British English)

31. lament: v. express regret or disappointment over sth. considered unsatisfactory, unreasonable, or unfair

   Synonym: bemoan

   Derivations:  lamentable: a. very disappointing, regrettable

               lamentation: n. (formal) an expression of great sadness or disappointment

32. stake a claim to: make a claim to

stake: v. be assertive in defining and defending a position or policy

33. annex: v. take control and possession of land, a small country, etc., esp. by force; take without permission

   Synonym: occupy

34. be proportional to: increase or decrease at the same rate as the other thing increases or decreases, so that there is always the same relationship between the two things.

Derivation: proportion: n. the relationship of one thing to another in size, amount, etc.

35. self-absorption: the characteristic of thinking about things concerning oneself without noticing other people or the things around him

Derivation: self-absorbed a.

36. given:

prep. when you consider sth.

given that: conj.

a. fixed for a purpose and stated as such

37. equivalent:

n. sth. equal in value, measure, force, effect or significance

Collocation: equivalent (of/to sth.)

a. equal in value, amount, meaning, importance, etc.

Collocation: equivalent (to sth.)

38. dramatically: ad.  suddenly and noticeably

Derivation: dramatic a.

39. alter: v.  become different; make sb./sth. different

Derivations:


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